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大正浪漫硝子/Taisho-Roman Glass(Milky Glass)

乳白硝子(オパール)のあぶり出し技法は、明治・大正時代に盛んに使われてた成形方法のひとつで、最近では骨董屋さんでみられる『かき氷カップ』がその代表です。骨灰という特殊な原料の入った硝子を使い、急激な温度差を与えるとオパール色に発色する性質を活かして、色々な文様をガラス器に浮かび上がらせる伝統工芸です。

The 「aburidashi」 technique, which involves the shaping of glass in a patterned mold to create opalescent-colored designs in the glass surface, is a classic, old-world glass-making technique that enjoyed widespread popularity in Japan during the Meiji (1868-1912) and Taisho (1912-1926) periods, hence the name—Taisho Roman (ticism). Nowadays, it is rare to find glassware made using this technique, with the exception of select antique glassware shops. By including a certain type of raw material known as “bone ash” to mix in with other required elements, opalescent colors can then be produced by taking advantage of its specific properties through exposure to a temperature gap caused by a process of rapidly heating and cooling the glass at the time of molding. In this way, the 「aburidashi」 technique is able to introduce a variety of artistic patterns into the glass. This is a reason why it remains one of Japan’s unique, traditional handcrafting techniques.

大正浪漫硝子